Why do we study the Bible and believe in it having any authority?

Inspiration and Inerrancy of the Bible


Why do we study the Bible and believe in it having any authority? This is a very good question. The Bible gets its authority from God, this is conferred authority. It also has authority itself by being itself the Word of God. Walter A. Elwell wrote, “The authority of the Bible is established by its own claims.”[1] Through the Holy Spirit, the Bible is the written Word and hence His authoritative Word for us all. Elmer L. Towns wrote, “Over 3,000 times in Scripture the authors claim their message is from God. These expressions are themselves among the strongest arguments for accepting the Bible.”[2]

There were chosen people who were inspired by the Holy Spirit and this process produced the authoritative writings consisted in the canon. We see this in Job 32:8, “But there is a spirit in man: and the inspiration of the Almighty giveth them understanding.”[3] This is where we can see that the Holy Spirit is utilized to inspire men and give them the knowledge and authority. It is in this inspiration that God authored the Bible.

Inerrancy proves to a fact that the Bible in its entirety is true and accurate in all it states and predicts. This is supported by fulfillment of prophecy. Towns (2008) said, “Man does not have the knowledge of the future. Only God claims to have that knowledge. Christianity is the only religion that gives fulfilled prophecy as one of its bases for credibility.”[4] This would mean that through the fulfillment of prophecy we have shown that Gods claim is based in fact and credible by fact. Isaiah predicted Babylon would fall (Isa. 13:19-22),[5],as is the case with Nineveh (Zeph. 2:13-15).[6] There are many prophecies that came true. If you read the Bible in context you will find it does not contradict itself nor change, it predicts and fulfills prophecy. This provides us the ability to see that scripture only supports scripture. This provides us the factual bases for the Bibles perfect authority in truthfulness. Some people who do not believe in inerrancy compare it to other doctrines and believe it leads to a denial of other doctrines. This belief is called the Slippery Slope Argument.[7] If you have gone as far to believe this argument then there might have been a greater issue at work with other doctrines that you inherently need inerrancy not to work in. Another belief against inerrancy is the Epistemological Argument, which states that a single error in the scripture would not lead to all scripture being wrong and nothing being true.[8] This is a conclusive statement that one error would not lead to all being wrong, but it opens the door the bible not being trustworthy. God knows all and sees all, so He is not going to make this human error.

The Bible is the inspired and inerrant Word of God. In the Bible you seek, find and learn the knowledge to grasp this understanding. From Moses to the Disciples we see how God inspired and His inerrant Word was never false or untrue. This is why I study the Bible. It is the Word of God. It is the direct link of divine inspiration that has spoken to generations. It gives us all the ability to learn about God and His son and the Holy Spirit. Then is allows us to accept Jesus and be joined with the Holy Spirit. You can’t buy your soul Johann Tetzel, but you can be saved. This ability to commune with the Holy Spirit is the way in which we can understand what is meant when we say the Bible is the living and breathing Word of God.


[1]Walter A. Elwell, Evangelical Dictionary of Theology (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 1984, 2001), 154.

[2] Elmer L. Towns, Theology for Today (Mason, OH: Cengage Learning, 2008, 2002), 47.

[3] Oxford, The Holy Bible: Scofield Study Bible, KJV (New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 1909), chap. 32:8.

[4] Towns, Theology for Today, 48.

[5] Ibid., 50.

[6] Ibid., 51.

[7] Elwell, Evangelical Dictionary of Theology, 158.

[8] Ibid.

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